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Fear - see the Purges

Propaganda and Official Culture:
1) The Cult of Stalin:

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Stalin was worshiped as a leader

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Pictures and statues of him were everywhere

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Places were named after him

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People had to clap when his name was mentioned.

2) Culture and Censorship:

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Writers, artists, film makers and even composers had to support the government by following the policy of Socialist realism.

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Writers had to be members of the Party controlled Union of Soviet workers.

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Books which did not follow the party line were destroyed.

3) Education

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Text books were altered and photographs of purged party officials were covered up.

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Children were taught that Stalin was the ‘Great Leader’

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Education became stricter - Stalin insisted on uniform tests and examinations

4) Religion

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Stalin continued the attack on religions started after the revolution, Stalin used the League of Atheists to crush religious belief.

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Christian leaders were imprisoned and churches closed down

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Muslim mosques and schools were closed and pilgrimages to Mecca were banned.

5) National identities

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Persecution of Muslims were also an attack on national ways of life

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Campaign against Kulaks removed millions of people from national minorities living in rural areas.

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In the 1930’s a policy of Russification attempted to impose the Russian culture on the USSR

6) A New constitution 1936

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USSR consisted of 11 republics

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Elections were to be by secret ballot

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Stalin held posts of First secretary of the party and chairman of the politburo

USSR 1929-91 Home